Caribbean, western one-third of the island of Hispaniola, between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, west of the Dominican Republic


Geographic coordinates: 19 00 N, 72 25 W



Map references:

Central America and the Caribbean

Area: total: 27,750 sq km 

land: 27,560 sq km 

water: 190 sq km


Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Maryland



Land boundaries: total: 360 km 

Border countries: Dominican Republic 360 km


Coastline: 1,771 km


Maritime claims: territorial sea: 12 nm 

Contiguous zone: 24 nm 

Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm 

Continental shelf: to depth of exploitation



Climate: tropical; semiarid where mountains in east cut off trade



Terrain: mostly rough and mountainous


Elevation extremes: lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m 

Highest point: Chaine de la Selle 2,680 m


Natural resources: bauxite, copper, calcium carbonate, gold, marble, hydropower


Land use: arable land: 28.3% 

Permanent crops: 11.61% 

Other: 60.09% (2001)


Irrigated land: 750 sq km (1998 est.)


Natural hazards: lies in the middle of the hurricane belt and subject to severe storms from June to October; occasional flooding and earthquakes; periodic droughts


Environment - current issues: extensive deforestation (much of the remaining forested land is being cleared for agriculture and used as fuel); soil erosion; inadequate supplies of potable water


Environment - international agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection 

signed, but not ratified: Hazardous Wastes


Geography - note: shares island of Hispaniola with Dominican Republic (western one-third is Haiti, eastern two-thirds is the Dominican Republic)

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