Haitians (French: haïtiens, Haitian creole: ayisyen) are the inhabitants and citizens of Haiti. A Haitian can be also a person born abroad to a Haitian parent or a foreigner living in Haiti who acquired Haitian citizenship.
According to the Constitution of Haiti, a Haitian citizen is:
• Anyone, regardless of where they are born, is considered Haitian if either their mother or father is a native-born citizen of Haiti. (A person born in Haiti does not automatically receive citizenship).
• A foreigner living in Haiti who has had a continuous period of Haitian residence for five years can apply for citizenship and will have the right to vote, but is not eligible to hold public office until five years after their date of naturalization, excluding those offices reserved for native-born Haitians by Constitutional law.
The Haitian Constitution of 2012 re-legalizes dual citizenship, allowing for Haitians living abroad to own land and run for Haitian political office (except for offices of president, prime minister, senator or member of the lower house of Parliament).