Haitian Creole (kreyòl ayisyen; pronounced: [kɣejɔl ajisjɛ̃] French: créole haïtien), often called simply creole or kreyòl, is a French-based creole and is one of Haiti's two official languages, along with French. The word creole is of Latin origin and is a Portuguese term that means, "raised in the home". It was first referred to Europeans born and raised in overseas colonies but later used to refer to the language as well. Haitian Creole is spoken by roughly ten to twelve million people. Haitian Creole is the first language of 90–95% of Haitians. It is a creole based largely on 18th-century French with some influences from Portuguese, Aramaic, Spanish, Taíno, and West African languages. Haitian Creole emerged from contact between French settlers and African slaves during the Atlantic Slave Trade in the French colony of Saint-Domingue (now the Republic of Haiti). Today, Haitians are the largest Creole-speaking community in the world.
Native to Haiti : Native speakers 9.6 million (2007)
Language family : French Creole • Haitian Creole
Writing system : Latin (Haitian alphabet)
Official language in : Haiti
Recognised minority: language in : Cuba
Regulated by: Ministère de l'éducation nationale et de la formation professionnelle